Since the beginning of the 20th century medicine has started to make giant leaps in medical technologies and methods of treatment. Many diseases that used to be incurable in the past now can be easily treated, controlled and prevented. And the fertility issues are not an exception. With the introduction of in vitro fertilization (IVF), artificial insemination and other infertility solutions the childless couples received a one-of-a-kind chance to gain their personal happiness and to become a full family.
Apart from being a highly successful infertility treatment, IVF has proved to have a wide range of advantages both for intended parents and for the future child. For example, pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) helps not only to choose the sex of an embryo but also to check the right number of chromosomes. Nowadays, it is the only method that has a 100% sex selection guarantee. One more realm that opens in vitro fertilization is pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) that is extremely beneficial for the couples that are concerned about genetically transmitted diseases, for example, hemophilia. PGD helps to identify the embryos that may carry such illnesses and to select the healthiest one. Both pre-implantation screening and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis are absolutely harmless to the embryo and to the mother and do not cause any complications that may influence the IVF procedure. PGS and PGD increase significantly the implantation success rate and chance to give a birth to a strong and a healthy child of a preferred gender.