Disadvantages of artificial insemination
Artificial insemination as a breeding method for animals and infertility treatment for humans has a long history. Lots of medical pioneers tried to contribute into the development of this technique. Unofficial records claim that the first attempt of artificial insemination was made by a Spanish king Henry IV, King of Castile also known as The Impotent. The first officially successful artificial insemination procedure was carried out on a dog in 1784 by an Italian doctor Lazzaro Spallanzani. And this insemination resulted in the birth of three puppies. The first reported artificial insemination that was applied to a human was in 1770s in London. And the process resembled the modern procedure: the semen sample was collected and inserted into female vagina with warm syringe. The first successful pregnancy in humans due to artificial insemination was achieved in 1953.
Since then the artificial insemination has been improving and become more popular with people, who want to have their own baby. The reasons why they resort to such a method differ significantly. The main reason for traditional couples are: severe male factor subfertility of a physical or psychological nature, sexual dysfunction, unexplained infertility, low semen quality and motility, low semen production, celvic aspect infertility. This procedure is also commonly used by single women and lesbians, who are inseminated by donor’s sperm. But unlike artificial insemination for traditional families, the procedure for such people is still legally restricted in some countries.
Despite the fact, that artificial insemination has a lot of benefits and can solve a number of male infertility issues, it has disadvantages for humans as well.
Artificial insemination disadvantages
Artificial insemination is rather a safe method of impregnation, but as any medical procedure may have some side effects. The first and foremost disadvantage is the expensiveness of such an infertility treatment and takes more time than natural intercourse. Since it usually requires more than cycle (on average pregnancy comes after 6 months of regular implementation), the intended parents should pay two or more times more for the procedure, the donor’s sperm(if it is necessary), services of the fertility clinic, medication to stimulate ovulation. The necessity of hormonal drugs for ovarian stimulation may lead to hormonal imbalance. Other disadvantages of artificial insemination by donor and disadvantages of artificial insemination by husband concern mainly the recipients (intended mother). First, the artificial insemination procedure may result in infection. The risk of it is fairly low, but exists. Also, intrauterine insemination may cause vaginal bleeding because of catheter that is placed in the uterus. One more disadvantage of intrauterine insemination is multiple pregnancy that can have potential hazard both for a woman and children since multiple gestation may lead to premature birth and just like at the time of any impregnation there is the risk of ectopic pregnancy development. Also, there is always a possibility that inseminated egg won’t turn into a healthy embryo. Additionally, the children who were conceived due to intracytoplasmic sperm injection tent to be born more often with infantile cerebral paralysis than those children, who were conceived owing to in vitro. It is probable as well, that the baby will inherit male infertility.
Being a non-invasive, relatively safe treatment against male infertility, artificial insemination became a leading solution for the families willing to conceive a baby. Regardless its expensiveness and other minor disadvantages, this process is definitely worth trying on the way to the family happiness since its advantages significantly outweigh them